Environment

EU Parliament bans single-use plastics by 2021

By Kelly Green
24.10.18

Today the European Parliament has voted overwhelmingly in favour of introducing a ban on single-use plastic items across the European Union from 2021 in a bid to save our oceans from plastic pollution.

Single use plastic items including straws, plates, cutlery and cotton buds will be banned, while non-banned plastic items for which no alternative exists will have to be reduced by member states by at least 25% by 2025.

MEPs backed the proposed ban with 571 votes to 53 and 34 abstentions. The MEP responsible for the bill, Frédérique Ries, said: “Today’s vote paves the way to a forthcoming and ambitious directive. It is essential in order to protect the marine environment and reduce the costs of environmental damage attributed to plastic pollution in Europe, estimated at 22 billion euros by 2030.”

The European Commission said that more than 80% of marine litter is plastics, with the products covered by these restrictions accounting for 70%. Plastic is a major contributor to ocean pollution thanks to its slow rate of decomposition - a single bottle can take up to 450 years to decompose.  As a result, it accumulates in seas, rivers and on beaches all over the world, and has been found in places as remote as the Arctic. Studies have also found that plastic is being consumed by marine life, including sea turtles, seals, whales and birds, and is entering the human food chain through fish, shellfish, salt and even beer. 

The proposal also calls for a reduction in common pollutants including ghost fishing gear, which represents 27% of waste found on Europe's beaches and cigarette butts, which can take up to 12 years to disintegrate and are the second most littered single-use plastic items. One cigarette butt can pollute between 500 and 1000 litres of water.

List of items that will be banned by 2021:

  • Plates
  • Cutlery 
  • Straws
  • Balloon sticks
  • Cotton buds
  • Bags, Packaging, Fast food containers made of oxo-degradable plastics

 

List of non-banned items with reduction targets:

  • Single-use burger boxes, sandwich boxes and other food containers for fruits, vegetables, desserts or ice creams will have to be reduced by at least 25% by 2025.
  • Other plastics, such as beverage bottles, will have to be collected separately and recycled at a rate of 90% by 2025.
  • Cigarette filters containing plastic will have to be reduced by 50% by 2025 and 80% by 2030.
  • 50% of lost or abandoned fishing gear containing plastic should be collected per year, with a recycling target of at least 15% by 2025. 
     
Healthy Seas with Ghost Fishing divers, Aquafil, local partners and fishermen off the coast of the Aeolian Islands for a ghost fishing net recovery mission © Carmelo Isgró

Read more about when we joined Healthy Seas and Aquafil on a trip to retrieve ghost fishing gear off the coast of the Aeolian Islands. 

See Melissa Hemsley's 10 simple swaps for reducing your use of single-use plastic at home.

Read our tips for planning a plastic-free wedding celebration

How will Brexit impact progress? Read Tamara Cincik's overview of the main risk factors. 

EU Parliament bans single-use plastics by 2021